Berkeley Conversations: Election Integrity and Security
Date: Monday, October 26, 2020
Time: 2:00-3:00 PM Pacific
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The integrity and security of the upcoming November 3rd elections are under unprecedented threats for reasons that include the pandemic, the increasing reliance on electronic (software and hardware) voting equipment, the current Administration’s handling of the contest, and foreign interference. How can we then conduct elections and verify their results to ensure their accuracy (i.e., that the reported winners really won), despite these threats? This panel brings together experts on various aspects of election integrity and security to reflect on these challenges and make concrete proposals to address them.
This presentation will be moderated by Jennifer Chayes, the Associate Provost of the Division of Computing, Data Science, and Society, and the Dean of the School of Information at UC Berkeley. Panelists will include Henry Brady, Dean of the Goldman School of Public Policy; Susan Hyde, Professor of Political Science and interim co-director of the Institute of International Studies at UC Berkeley, and an expert on international election observation, election fraud, and democracy promotion; Philip Stark, Professor of Statistics and Associate Dean of the Division of Mathematical and Physical Sciences at UC Berkeley; David Wagner, a Professor of Computer Science with extensive experience in computer security and cryptography; and Steven Weber, Associate Dean and Head of UC Berkeley's School of Information, and the Faculty Director of Berkeley's Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity.
This conversation is sponsored by the Division of Computing, Data Science, and Society (CDSS), the Berkeley Institute for Data Science (BIDS), and the UC Berkeley Department of Statistics as part of a live online webinar series, Berkeley Conversations, featuring Berkeley scholars from a range of disciplines.
Jennifer Chayes is the Associate Provost of the Division of Computing, Data Science, and Society, and the Dean of the School of Information at UC Berkeley. She is a professor in the departments of EECS, Mathematics, Statistics, and the School of Information. Before joining Berkeley, she was a Technical Fellow at Microsoft, where she was the founder and managing director of interdisciplinary Microsoft Research labs in New England, New York City, and Montreal. Chayes has received numerous awards for both leadership and scientific contributions, including the Anita Borg Institute Women of Vision Leadership Award, the John von Neumann Award of the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, and an honorary doctorate from Leiden University. She is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences. Chayes’ research areas include phase transitions in computer science and structural and dynamical properties of networks including modeling and graph algorithms. Chayes is one of the inventors of the field of graphons, which are widely used for the machine learning of large-scale networks. Her recent work focuses on machine learning, including both theory and applications in cancer immunotherapy, ethical decision making, and climate change.
Henry E. Brady is dean of the Goldman School of Public Policy and Class of 1941 Monroe Deutsch Professor of Political Science and Public Policy at UC Berkeley. He received his PhD in economics and political science from MIT. He has written on electoral politics, political participation, social welfare policy, political polling, and statistical methodology. He has worked for the federal Office of Management and Budget and other organizations in Washington, DC. He was elected as a fellow of the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in 2003 and as a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in 2006. He is the co-author of The Unheavenly Chorus: Unequal Political Voice and the Broken Promise of American Democracy and Unequal and Unrepresented: Political Inequality and the People's Voice in the New Gilded Age, Letting the People Decide: Dynamics of a Canadian Election (1992), Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics (1995), Expensive Children in Poor Families: The Intersection of Childhood Disability and Welfare (2000); and Counting All the Votes: The Performance of Voting Technology in the United States (2001).
Susan Hyde is a Professor of Political Science and interim co-director of the Institute of International Studies at UC Berkeley. She is an expert on international election observation, election fraud, and democracy promotion. She has served as an international election observer all over the world, and she has worked with the Carter Center, the National Democratic Institute, Democracy International, the International Republican Institute, and the International Foundation for Electoral Systems on democracy promotion issues and researching how democracy promoting organizations can evaluate the effects of their work. In cooperation with the Carter Center, she has piloted methods for introducing the random assignment of short term election observers to the deployment plans used by international observers. At Yale, she is a resident fellow at the Institution for Social and Policy Studies (ISPS), and is a faculty affiliate of the MacMillan Center and the Jackson Institute for Global Affairs. She earned her Ph.D. from the University of California, San Diego, in 2006.
Philip Stark's research centers on inference (inverse) problems and uncertainty quantification, especially confidence procedures tailored for specific goals. Applications include causal inference, the U.S. Census, climate modeling, cosmology, earthquake prediction and seismic hazard analysis, election auditing, endangered species, epidemiology, evaluating and improving teaching and educational technology, food web models, health effects of sodium, the geomagnetic field, geriatric hearing loss, information retrieval, Internet content filters, litigation, resilient and sustainable food systems, risk assessment (including natural disasters and food safety), the seismic structure of Sun and Earth, spectroscopy, spectrum estimation, and uncertainty quantification for computational models of complex systems. Methods he has developed for auditing elections have been incorporated into laws in California, Colorado, and Rhode Island, Texas, Virginia, and Washington. Methods for data reduction and spectrum estimation that he has developed or co-developed are part of the Øersted geomagnetic satellite data pipeline and the Global Oscillations Network Group (GONG) helioseismic telescope network data pipeline.
David Wagner is a professor in UC Berkeley's Computer Science Division with extensive experience in computer security and cryptography. He and his Berkeley colleagues are known for discovering a wide variety of security vulnerabilities in various cellphone standards, 802.11 wireless networks, and other widely deployed systems. In addition, Wagner was a co-designer of one of the Advanced Encryption Standard candidates, and he remains active in the areas of computer security, cryptography, and privacy. He is currently active in studying mobile security and smartphone security, especially security for apps on platforms such as Android, iPhone, and others. He also studies web security and other topics related to security on the Internet, as well as e-voting security. In 2004, David co-authored an analysis of SERVE, a Internet voting system proposed by the Pentagon for overseas and military voters. The report, which described multiple security flaws in the system, led to the project's cancellation. Wagner is a member of the federal advisory committee tasked with developing standards for next-generation voting systems.
Steven Weber is the Associate Dean and Head of UC Berkeley's School of Information, and the Faculty Director of Berkeley's Center for Long-Term Cybersecurity. He works at the intersection of technology markets, intellectual property regimes, and international politics. His research, teaching, and advisory work focus on the political economy of knowledge intensive industries, with special attention to health care, information technology, software, and global political economy issues relating to competitiveness. He is also a frequent contributor to scholarly and public debates on international politics and US foreign policy. He served as special consultant to the president of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and has held academic fellowships with the Council on Foreign Relations and the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and was Director of the Institute of International Studies at UC Berkeley from 2003 to 2009. His books include The Success of Open Source and most recently The End of Arrogance: America in the Global Competition of Ideas (with Bruce Jentleson) and Deviant Globalization: Black Market Economy in the 21st Century (with Jesse Goldhammer and Nils Gilman). Forthcoming is Bloc by Bloc: How to Organize a Global Enterprise for the New Regional Order (2019), which explains how economic geography is evolving around machine learning, and the consequences for multinational organizations in the post financial crisis world.